According to Almanac, companion gardening is growing plants together for the benefit for one or both plants2. For example, those practicing companion planting might plant flowers among crops to attract pollinators, benefiting the crops2. Companion Gardening Made Simple What are the Benefits of Companion Gardening? When grown in close proximity, there are a number of different interactions plants can have with one another. While some plants may support the growth of its neighbors, other plants may be detrimental to the growth of its neighbors by competing for resources, or attracting pests. For example, the Black Walnut tree releases a toxin, ‘hydrojuglone’, that inhibits the growth or kills surrounding plants1. Burpee describes the most important aspect of companion gardening is considering planting as “building good plant relationships1”. These plant relationships are supporting in ways such as adding nutrients to the soil, attracting beneficial insects, or confusing or deterring harmful pests1. Overall, companion planting can be immensely beneficial in a number of ways. According to Alamanac2, there are six primary benefits of companion planting:
- Deterring Pests2
- Attracting Beneficial Insects2
- Shade Regulation2
- Natural Supports2
- Improving Soil Fertility2
- Weed Suppression2
- N.A. “Companion Planting Guide”. Burpee. 13 May 2021. https://www.burpee.com/blog/companion-planting-guide_article10888.html.
- N.A. “New Evidence for Which Vegetables Should Be Planted Together”. Almanac. 11 February 2022. https://www.almanac.com/companion-planting-guide-vegetables.